• ISSN: 2010-023X
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJTEF
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof.Tung-Zong (Donald) Chang
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Engineering & Technology Digital Library, ProQuest, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library, DOAJ , EBSCO, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
    • E-mail: ijtef@ejournal.net
IJTEF 2012 Vol.3(5): 366-369 ISSN: 2010-023X
DOI: 10.7763/IJTEF.2012.V3.229

The Effect of the Ownership and Usage of New Human Capital Change on the Economic Empowerment Amongst Orang Kuala in Malaysia

W. A. Amir Zal, Ma‟Rof Redzuan, Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah, and Hanina H. Hamsan
Abstract—Orang Kuala as the sub tribe of Orang Asli (indigenous people in Malaysia) cannot avoid the changes in which occurs around them. For the indigenous people, the change is always perceived as a threat which endangering their traditional human capital. It is rarely that the change is observed from a positive view in which it give them a chance to change their life and compete with the other community. In case of Orang Kuala, they are now participating in business-base economic activities and left the former traditional economic activities as fishermen. Their participation in business activities will alter their traditional human capital and push them to use a new human capital. The positive side of their involvement is that their economic activities will be empowered. This occurs due to the assumption that their engagement in business activities can help them to achieve economic empowerment. To scrutinize the truth, this article has two objectives; to identify the ownership and use of new human capital and to identify whether the new human capital is a factor to economic empowerment. This paper used a quantitative approach which has been conducted on 267 Orang Kuala in Johor, Malaysia. The study showed, the ownership and the use of new human capital are greater amongst businessmen as compared to fishermen. The study also showed that the ownership of new human capital is the factor of economic empowerment without differential amongst the difference of Orang Kuala’s occupations.

Index Terms—Malaysia orang Asli, new human capital, human capital change, the ownership and use new human capital, new human capital and economic empowerment.

W. A. Amir Zal is with the Department of Social Ecology, Faculty of Social Development, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia (e-mail: waamirzal@umt.edu.my).

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Cite:W. A. Amir Zal, Ma‟Rof Redzuan, Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah, and Hanina H. Hamsan, "The Effect of the Ownership and Usage of New Human Capital Change on the Economic Empowerment Amongst Orang Kuala in Malaysia," International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance vol.3, no.5, pp. 366-369, 2012.

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