• ISSN: 2010-023X
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJTEF
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof.Tung-Zong (Donald) Chang
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Cherry L. Chen
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Engineering & Technology Digital Library, ProQuest, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library, DOAJ , EBSCO, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
    • E-mail: ijtef@ejournal.net
IJTEF 2012 Vol.3(4): 272-280 ISSN: 2010-023X
DOI: 10.7763/IJTEF.2012.V3.213

How do Export Structure and Competitiveness Evolve Since Trade Liberalization? An Overview and Assessment of Indonesian Manufacturing Export Performance

Rudy Rahmaddi and Masaru Ichihashi
Abstract—The paper aims to elucidate the evolution of competitiveness and quantifies the contribution of the geographical and commodity composition on Indonesian manufacturing exports classified by factor intensity for period of 1987 to 2008. Using constant market share (CMS) analysis and Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) indicators, we reveal that while mostly enjoying benefits from world export growth, Indonesia exports performance were deteriorated by the negative contribution of commodity composition and market distribution, and the role of competitiveness in manufacturing export performance, which was improved significantly right after trade liberalization policy unleashed in 1986 has been diminishing in recent years. In addition, most of Indonesian manufacturing exports were still concentrated in natural resource- and unskilled labor-intensive manufacturing commodities.

Index Terms—Exports performance, specialization pattern, Indonesia, constant market share analysis, revealed comparative advantage.

R. Rahmaddi and M. Ichihashi are with the Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, 739-0025 Japan (e-mail: rudyrahmaddi@hiroshima-u.ac.jp).

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Cite:Rudy Rahmaddi and Masaru Ichihashi, "How do Export Structure and Competitiveness Evolve Since Trade Liberalization? An Overview and Assessment of Indonesian Manufacturing Export Performance," International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance vol.3, no.4, pp. 272-280, 2012.

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