Abstract—These days, the study the deal of pollution emission in diverse industries, is recognized urgency in many countries. Hence, this study evaluates impacts of foreign trade on energy use, air pollutants emission and provision of economic objective. Input-output table is applied to the Iran economy to propose approaches that can reach simultaneously to both economic and environmental purposes while policy of final import substitution are developed. The results show, ten sectors (electricity, mining, petrol, mineral and non-metal, transport, chemical, metal, water, natural gas, and communications), Don’t have efficiency in simultaneity achievement to both economic and environmental purposes. because electricity sector have great effects either direct or indirect via other sectors on air pollution, usage of pure substitudes like renewable energies and changing the production method can reduce pollutant emission, meanwhile it has no negative effects for access to economic aims.
Index Terms—Policy of Import Substitution,Air pollutants, Input-Output Table, Iran.
G. Sharzehei is with Associate Professor, Faculty of Economic,University of Tehran. A. Naeimyfar is with Department of Agriculture, Shahr-e-QodsBranch,Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. N. M. Dinan is with Environmental Science Research Institude, University of Shahid Beheshti, Iran.
Cite: Gholamali Sharzehei, Afsaneh Naeimyfar, and Naghmeh Mobarghei Dinan, "The Incorporation of Reciprocal Effects, Environmental and Economic Ones, in Process of Commercial Decisions ," International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 030 -33, 2012.