—Social entrepreneurship is growing rapidly with increased attention from government, businesses, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), public, universities and media. It is an emerging area of investigation within the entrepreneurship and not-for-profit literatures. In developing countries such as Turkey, the term has been revealed especially after 2000s. There is only little research about this concept in Turkey, so this paper aims to fill this gap and introduce social entrepreneurs in Turkey. Ashoka is the largest network of social entrepreneurs worldwide with nearly 3,000 fellows in 70 countries. Ashoka fellows have innovative solutions to social problems and the potential to change patterns across society. So I have investigated Ashoka fellows in Turkey, because they are leading social entrepreneurs in this country. At the end of the study it has been understood that it is not possible to say developed countries have more social entrepreneurs than underdeveloped countries and vice versa. In the world, most widespread fields of social entrepreneurs are economic development (%19,8), human rights (%18), and civic engagement (%17,2). In contrast; civic engagement (%40) is very dominant in Turkey. It is interesting that there is not any social entrepreneur working on learning/education in Turkey while world percentage of this field is %16,2. Another result of this study is that economic stability affects number of social entrepreneurs at least in Turkey. The findings about gender of social entrepreneurs in Turkey are surprising. Because number of women and men social entrepreneurs in Turkey are almost equal although there are very few women entrepreneurs against men in Turkey’s economic enterprises.
—Ashoka, Ashoka fellows in Turkey, social entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurs.
Burcu İNCİ is with the Nisantaşı University, Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Burcu İNCİ, "Social Entrepreneurship in Turkey: A Content Analysis Assessing Ashoka Fellows," International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance vol.7, no.4, pp. 105-112, 2016.