—The development of educational software cannot be improved without a full understanding of methodologies, techniques, and cultural factors that inform the system development process. In education, technology has become a crucial tool. Computer-based technology brings a positive change, increasing knowledge and information sharing. The software crisis remains an issue in the software development industry. Although several articles have been published to address this problem, no solution has been found. Incorporation of culture into e-learning system cannot be neglected because it can enhance the use of e-learning content and services effectively. This study explores how culture can be captured during e-learning system design in South Africa (SA). SA is a country with eleven (11) official languages and different cultural practices spreading across nine (9) provinces. The study proposes that choice, use and effectiveness of e-learning systems is influenced by these languages and the associated cultures. The current e-learning environment provides a one size fits all type of framework where differences in the cultural background of learners are not considered. To consider difference in culture, a new e-learning framework that will capture these differences is needed. This paper provides a conceptual e-Learning System Development Framework (e-LSDF) which can be used by e-learning system developers in capturing cultural differences in society during the development of e-learning systems.
—Cultural-oriented, culture, e-learning, framework, system development.
Chukwuere E. Joshua and Mavetera Nehemiah are with North-West University (NWU), South Africa (e-mail: email@example.com, Nehemiah.Mavetera@nwu.ac.za).
Mnkandla Ernest is with University of South Africa (UNISA), South Africa (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Chukwuere E. Joshua, Mavetera Nehemiah, and Mnkandla Ernest, "A Conceptual Culture-Oriented e-Learning System Development Framework (e-LSDF): A Case of Higher Education Institutions in South Africa," International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance vol.6, no.5, pp. 259-265, 2015.