—This paper compares the export performances of
China and India, the two largest labour-abundant countries.
The empirical analysis of the paper is based on US imports from
these two countries at the ten-digit level for 1992-2012. The
paper examines the composition of exports from China and
India, the degree of concentration of exports, and the extent of
export similarity. The paper also explores the nature of product
differentiation based on unit prices of exports from China and
India. The empirical analyses show that China’s shares in the
US market, for both high-technology products and
labour-intensive products, are substantially higher than that of
India. Furthermore, China’s export basket, compared to
India’s, is more diversified, and that the extent of export
similarity between China and India in the US market is quite
low. The data on unit prices of exports suggest that China has
outperformed India in vertically differentiated products.
—Concentration, export similarity, product
differentiation, unit prices.
The author is with the Department of Economics, Laurentian University,
Canada (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Sadequl Islam, "A Comparative Analysis of the Export Performances of China and India: Evidence from US Imports," International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance vol.5, no.4, pp. 305-311, 2014.