—The paper attempts to explore the contribution of economic development, population size or population density as well as the landlocked characteristic of the countries on the environmental performance using cross-sectional data of countries in the world listed by the United Nation (UN). The methods adopted in the present study are Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method and Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). Overall, using Environmental Performance Indicator (EPI) 2010 as a measurement of the effectiveness of national environmental protection effort, the present study finds that economic development/performance positively contributes to the countries’ environmental performance. On the other hand, population size gives negative impact on the environmental performance of the countries.
—Economic development, environmental performance index, generalised method of moments (GMM).
The authors are with the Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (e-mail: jarita@ iium.edu.my, rafia@ iium.edu.my).
Cite:Jarita Duasa and Rafia Afroz, "Modeling Environmental Performance and Economic Development," International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance vol.4, no.6, pp. 384-387, 2013.