Abstract—This study focuses on the development of the conceptual framework explaining the participation of women in the labor market with a particular interest on the role of Information Communication and Technology (ICT). Various studies have found that women's participation in the labor market can be triggered by the many factors. Almost all studies stated that the involvement of women in the labor force normally is associated with economic, socio-demographic and cultural factors. In this technological age, there is a notion that the ICT also plays an important role in determining a woman's decision to work. ICT enables workers to do their job more efficiently, saving both time and monetary costs. ICT may contribute to women participation in the labor market through provision of better access to job market information. In addition it provides women with greater flexibility by allowing them to work from home. For an organization, the monitoring system for the efficient ICT infrastructure and high accessibility, may allow women doing her job at home. Nonetheless there are challenges remain to be addressed particularly in the case of Malaysia as a great disparity in the accessibility of ICT, especially in rural areas.
Index Terms—Access to ICT, moderating factor, women, participation, labor force.
M. A. Suhaida M. S. Nurulhuda and Su-Fei Yap are with the Faculty of Economic and Administration, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com).
Cite:M. A. Suhaida, M. S. Nurulhuda, and Su-Fei Yap, "Access to ICT as Moderating Factor to Women's Participation in the Labor Force: A Conceptual Framework," International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 197-201, 2013.